Benares House Gallery
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Title: Book - "Landscape Annuals1830-1835"
Identifier: 979.6.1534.1-5
Donor: Geoffrey Sayers
Item Date: 1830-1835
Creation Date: 2011
Location: Benares Historic House

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Description: A 5 book series, with green hard covers. (1) 1830. The first page is an engraving of 'Lake of Como.' Opposite is an engraving of the Arch of Constantine. The title reads, 'The Tourist in Switzerland and Italy.' Illustrated from drawings by S. Prout, Esq. There are 278 pages, with engravings through out the text. The pages are gilt edged. (2) 1831. The first page is an engraving of 'St. Marks Church, Venice.' Opposite is the Temple of Pallas. The title is, 'The Tourist in Italy.' There are 271 pages. The covers of (1) and (2) are impressed with a border of fine lines with a flower in each corner. (3) 1832. Engravings are Interior of Milan Cathedral and Tivoli. The title is, 'The Tourist in Italy.' There are 286 pages. (4) 1833. Engravings are 'Entrance to Aota', and 'Verrex Val D'Aosta.' The title is 'The Tourist in Italy.' There are 271 pages. The covers of (3) and (4) are impressed with a border in a Greek key design. (5) 1835. This volume has a scalloped design impressed on the covers. The engravings are 'Tower of Comares,' and 'Luoue.' The title is 'The Tourist in Spain. Granada.' There are 288 pages. The spine reads: 'Jennings' Landscape Annual' and is a different design than the other four.

Line engraving is a name for prints made using engraved plates. Images would be copied by carving lines into steel or copper plates using special tools. Once an image had been completed ink would be poured on the plate into the carved grooves. Excess ink would be wiped off the flat part of the plate. A damp piece of paper would be placed against the plate and then a cylinder would be rolled over the paper pushing it into the grooves of the engraving plate. This would leave the paper with a copy of the image on the plate. Engravings had existed in Italy since the 14th Century but their heyday was in the 18th and 19th Centuries when the demand for images in magazines and books increased. Engravings were eventually overtaken by etchings which were faster and easier to do. Engraverís had to be talented and well trained and a singe engraving plate could take up to a year to complete depending on the image. Any one who could draw could make an etching and it took much less time to produce an etched plate.
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