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Caroline Farncomb Gallery
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Title: Painting - Arthur Harris
Identifier: 979.6.93
Donor: Geoffrey Sayers
Item Date: c.1900
Image Creator: Museums of Mississuaga
Creation Date: 2005
Location: Benares Historic House

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Description: An oil painting of an elderly man seated wearing a dark suit (Arthur Beveridge Harris). The painting is signed by the artist (Caroline Farncomb) in lower left corner. A typewritten paper tag on back reads: 'Arthur Beveridge Harris son of Capt. James B. Harris, b.1845 d.1932.'

Arthur Beveridge Harris (1843-1932) was the only surviving son of Elizabeth (née Molony) (1829-1884) and Captain James Beveridge Harris (1797-1884). He later married Mary Magrath (1859-1954) and they had three children, Annie (1882-1986), Naomi (1883-1968), and Margaret (1887) who died shortly after birth. Arthur helped his father with the daily tasks of maintaining a farm. He inherited Benares in 1884, upon the death of his father, Captain Harris. In the same decade, both Arthur and Mary received a number of inheritances that made life easier at Benares.

Caroline Farncomb (1858-1951) was a close family friend and a well respected RCA (Royal Canadian Academy) artist. She studied with Mlle. Van den Broeck in London, William Chase in New York, and in Paris at the Academie Julian; and exhibited her work in Canada and Europe, receiving many first prizes in exhibitions in London, Toronto, Montreal, and Ottawa. A number of other Caroline Farncomb paintings can be found at Benares including the portrait of Mary Harris in the drawing room, the painting of Brownie the cat in the upstairs hallway, and the still-life of waterfowl located in Arthur’s bedroom.

Caroline Farncomb was born 12 January 1859 in Newcastle, Ontario, where her family had settled in the early 1850s. In 1867, the Farncomb family moved to London, Ontario, where her father bought Fairview Farm and became a gentleman farmer. Farncomb painted her surroundings including her family, friends, animals, and landscapes. She even chaperoned Annie Harris and her friends on a trip to Europe in 1903 and painted many scenes from their travels.
Caroline pursued professional art training in Europe as women maintained a nominal position in the professional field of art in Canada in the nineteenth-century. In France, the Académie Julian, founded in 1868 by Rodolphe Julian, catered to young women interested in becoming professional artists. Initially established to train students for entry to the Ecole des Beaux Arts, the Académie Julian became the central location where women of financial means could develop their artistic skills alongside men (who paid lower tuition fees than the female students did). The school provided a liberal environment and allowed women to take the full arts curriculum, including working from live models.

Farncomb was elected to the Ontario Society of Artists ca. 1910 and maintained close friendships with local artists such as Mary Healey (1885-1923), a trained painter in oil and watercolour who trained at the prestigious Slade School of Art, London, England. Caroline never married and remained in London, Ontario, until her death on 13 November 1951.

For information on Caroline Farncomb and the Academie Julian, see: Gabriel P Weisberg and Jane R. Becker, 'Overcoming all Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian' (New Jersey: Rutgers University, 1999); Nancy Geddes Poole 'The Art of London, 1830-1980' (London, Ontario: Blackpool Press, 1984); Rebecca Sisler, 'Passionate Spirits' (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin and Company Limited, 1980), 36.
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Related Links:
   Museums of Mississauga Home Page
   Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN)