|Description: A wooden moulding plane with an iron blade and wooden wedge. The top part is 1/2 ' narrower than the plane. The bottom part has a width of cut 1/8' in which the iron blades sits in. Engraved on the plane is ' A. Mathieson & So Glasgow'. On the other end is '14'. |
There are numerous amounts of moulding planes with different shapes. Planes were used for moulding architraves, door and window frames, details a cabinet work of many kinds, skirtings, and picture frames. Moulding planes were designed to shave and not cut. Many of the shapes are based on mouldings which occur in the classic architecture of both the Greeks and Romans. Tools were often stamped with more than one name marked on them. The manufacturer would stamp their product and often the store selling it would also mark their name. See: R.A. Salaman, "Dictionary of Woodworking Tools: c.1700-1970" (Newton, Connecticut: The Taunton Press, 1990), 332, 338.
Alexander Mathieson (b. 1797) and his son, Thomas, was a very well known plane maker from the Glasgow area. The company began to expand with the help of industrialization and by the 1850s taking over other plane making companies such as J & W Stewart, J. Dryburgh and David Malloch. Mathieson was not only successful in making planes but also a wide variety of tools for a variety of trades.