|Description: A black and white photograph titled “Dunstaffnage Castle, (Interior) Oban. 1132 J.V.” It depicts the ruins of the castle courtyard and corner tower from the inside. The walls are made of cut stone. |
Dunstaffnage Castle is located on the west coast of Scotland, North of Oban. The site was once the capital of Dalriada the first Kingdom of the Scots and was the original location of The Stone of Destiny. In the mid ninth century the seat of power was moved to Scone to avoid attacking Norsemen. The Stone of Destiny was used for the coronations of Scottish Kings until 1296 when Edward I took it Westminster Abbey. The stone was returned to Scotland in 1996. The castle has been used as a strong hold by various families over the centuries. It is currently in the care of “Historic Scotland” and is operated as a historic site. http://www.castles.org/Chatelaine/DUNSTAFF.HTM
This print was likely produced by Valentines of Dundee (J.V). Valentines of Dundee was a well-known photographic company which produced Scottish topographical views from the 1860s, and later became internationally famous as the producers of picture postcards. They were founded in 1851 by James Valentine (1815-1879). He added portrait photography to the activities of his established Dundee business, which had been based up to 1851 on the engraving, printing and supply of business stationery. About 1860 he decided to emulate the success of George Washington Wilson in Aberdeen in selling topographical view photographs. In 1866 James Valentine carried out his first Royal commission and received the Royal warrant in 1867. Valentine’s target market in the nineteenth century was middle and upper class tourists. Valentine produced both drawing room albums containing selections of photographs arranged geographically and individual landscape prints. Stereoscopic views were also produced. Subjects concentrated on the genteel tourist sights and places in Scotland, then to England in 1882 and on to fashionable resorts abroad, including Norway, Jamaica, Tangiers, Morocco, Madeira and New Zealand before 1900. Under the leadership of James’ son William the company rapidly expanded in 1898 when in started publishing picture postcards. It closed for business in the 1970’s. http://archiveshub.ac.uk/features/03021901.html
Traveler’s in the 1870’s could not take their own photographs, so professional photographers would create albums with photos like these and sell them to travelers to commemorate their journey. In 1871 Elizabeth (Bessie) and Annie Harris (daughters of James Beveridge and Elizabeth) traveled to Europe to do a tour of Scotland, Ireland and England. In 1876, Lucy and Arthur Harris traveled to Scotland to visit their aunts in Perthshire. James Beveridge Harris’s sisters, Margaret Patton and Matilda Lindsay, both lived at Rose Terrace, Perth, with their cousin Margaret Anne Patton in the 1870s and 1880s. These photos could have come from any of those trips or have been sent by the Aunts, to the family at Benares.