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Golf Club
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Title: Golf Club
Identifier: 979.6.108
Donor: Geoffrey Sayers
Item Date: 1900-1920
Creation Date: 2011
Location: Benares Historic House

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Description: A metal golf club with a wooden handle. "Argyle, Wright Dilion" is inscribed on the metal head on the back side. On the face side there are 5 rows of indents with two vertical lines on each side. There is a band where the metal is attached to the wood which is inscribed with hatch marks. The bottom edge is inscribed with the word "Putter" The handle is made of wood and has leather wrapped around the top end.

The earliest golf clubs would have been hand carved from wood. In 1502 King James commissioned a bow-maker to make him a set of clubs. Clubs would be carved by skilled crafts men with heads made out of hard woods like beech, pear, holly and apple and shafts made of ash and hazel. The head would be attached to the shaft using a splint and tightly bound leather straps. A typical set of clubs included at least 5 different clubs. The clubs were prone to breakage meaning a golfer had to have multiples of the same club. The cost of clubs meant that golf was a game for the upper classes. In 1826 hickory from America had become the wood of choice for shafts. Persimmon had become the choice wood for heads by 1900. Forged metal heads existed since the 1700s and by the 1900s aluminium had become popular as a material for club heads. It wasnt until 1920s the steel shafts became widely used. After World War II composite and synthetic materials became widely used. In the 1960s the casting method for club heads was created making clubs much more affordable, though professionals still use hand forged heads. Shafts are made of steel and graphite. The convention of numbering clubs rather than naming them dates from the 1930s. http://www.golfeurope.com/almanac/history/golf_club3.htm
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