|Description: A red earthenware mug or tankard with a flared lip and a rim around the top of the vessel. The vessel is glazed with a light brown glaze on the interior only. The form is almost cylindrical with a slight bulge around the centre that tapers in and then out to form the rim and lip. There is a curved handle made of the same material.
History: The jar is North American. Purchased through the Walker Archer Memorial Fund by the assistant curator. Accessioned 4 April 1978.
Most earthenware produced in Ontario was usually glazed, a glass-like coating that made the pottery less porous, easier to clean, and more attractive. Basic ingredients included silicates, borates, and a flux. The exact glaze mixture depended on the source of the components, the clay body of the pottery, and the firing temperature. See: David L. Newlands "Early Ontario Potters: Their Craft and Trade" (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd.), 16.