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Title: Cream Pitcher
Identifier: 2006.11.1
Donor: Gus Bennett
Item Date: 1880-1901
Image Creator: Museums of Mississauga
Creation Date: 2006
Location: Bradley Museum

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Description: A white pitcher with gold trim on the handle and upper edge. The porcelain at the top of the pitcher has a relief paisley design. The front has printed coloured pictures of Queen Victoria, the coat of arms for seven provinces; (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, PEI, and British Columbia). "Dominion of Canada" is printed above the image of Queen Victoria. The other side of the pitcher has two cherubs holding a ribbon which reads: "God Save Our Noble Queen". The pitcher has a long handle which forms a loop at the top. The top edge is scalloped rather than smooth. The bottom of the pitcher is wider than the top. The back has a 'y'-shaped crack. History: The pitcher belonged to the donor's aunt in Toronto. Victoria (r.1837-1901) was born at Kensington Palace, London, on May 24, 1819. She was the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of George III. Her father died shortly after her birth and she became heir to the throne because the three uncles who were ahead of her in succession had no legitimate children who survived. Warm-hearted and lively, Victoria had a gift for drawing and painting. Educated by a governess at home, she was a natural diarist and kept a regular journal throughout her life. On William IV's death in 1837, she became Queen at the age of 18. Queen Victoria is associated with Britain's great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and, especially, empire. At her death, it was said, Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set. In the early part of her reign, she was influenced by two men: her first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and her husband, Prince Albert, whom she married in 1840. Both men taught her much about how to be a ruler in a 'constitutional monarchy' where the monarch had very few powers but could use much influence. Albert took an active interest in the arts, science, trade and industry; the project for which he is best remembered was the Great Exhibition of 1851, the profits from which helped to establish the South Kensington museums complex in London. Victoria's marriage to Prince Albert brought nine children between 1840 and 1857. Most of her children married into other Royal families of Europe. Victoria was deeply attached to her husband and she sank into depression after he died, aged 42, in 1861. She had lost a devoted husband and her principal trusted adviser in affairs of state. For the rest of her reign she wore black and rarely appeared in public until the late 1860s. In her later years, she almost became the symbol of the British Empire. Both the Golden (1887) and the Diamond (1897) Jubilees, held to celebrate the 50th and 60th anniversaries of the queen's accession, were marked with great displays and public ceremonies. On both occasions, Colonial Conferences attended by the Prime Ministers of the self-governing colonies were held. Victoria died on January 22, 1901 after a reign of almost 64 years, the longest in British history. REF: History of the Monarchy, The Hanoverians: Victoria at www.royal.gov.uk.
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