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Title: Cream Pitcher
Identifier: C.20.67
Donor: Mr. and Mrs. R.D. Thomson
Item Date: 1823
Image Creator: Museums of Mississauga
Creation Date: 2007
Location: Bradley Museum

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Description: A copper lustre pitcher with a band of blue glaze around the centre and another near the rim. A floral leaf design in copper lustre has also been painted over the blue glaze. There is an elaborate scroll like handle and a narrow pouring spout that extends from the rim of the pitcher. History: Lustreware is pottery with a metallic or irridescent sheen produced by adding metallic oxides to the glaze. The process may have been invented and was certainly first popularized by Islamic potters of the 9th century. Iranian and Egyptian, potters maintained a high standard of lustreware for centuries. In Europe it was manufactured chiefly in Spain and then in Italy it was used to enhance majolica. In the 19th century it came into vogue in England. John Hancock of Etruria, using silver and platinum oxide is credited as being one of the first in Britain to perfect a technique suitable for commercial production. The technique was used by Josiah Wedgwood and Josiah Spode in the Midlands, and at Sunderland in the North East. Wedgwood's lustreware made in the 1820s spawned the production of mass quantities of copper lusterware in England and Wales, and generated a huge export market. Its British heyday was in the first half of the 19th century when no fewer than 250 potteries in the Stoke area used lustre decoration. In America, copper lustreware became popular precisely because of its lustrousness and Americans truly valued pink lustreware. Apparently, as gaslights became available to the rich, the fad was to place groupings of lustreware on mirror platforms to be used as centrepieces for dinner parties. REF: www.answers.com/topic/lusterware and http://archives.tcm.ie/businesspost/2005/02/27/story2558.
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