Woodworking Tools Gallery
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Jack Plane
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Title: Jack Plane
Identifier: X964.100.33
Donor: Unknown
Item Date: 1880-1930
Creation Date: 2011
Location: Bradley Museum

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Description: A rectangular large wooden plane with a plain, carved handle curved to fit a hand. The metal blade at the bottom is held in place on the top with a wooden wedge. There are three stamps on the front end, which read, 'MacCall', 'J & A Bertram, Toronto', 'G.S.', 'A. Mathieson & Son', and 'Glasgow & Edinburgh' with a horseshoe and cross.

Jack planes were used for the roughest and hardest work. The cutter was usually slightly convex for rapid removal of excess material. Jack planes range in length from 14 to 18 inches.

Alexander Mathieson (b. 1797) and his son, Thomas, was a very well known planemaker from the Glasgow area. The company began to expand with the help of industrialization and by the 1850s taking over other plane making companies such as J & W Stewart, J. Dryburgh and David Malloch. Mathieson was not only successful in making planes but also a wide variety of tools for a variety of trades.
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