Whether you are a homeowner, a business owner or a developer wishing to remove trees from
private property, you must comply with the Private Tree Protection
All site plan and development proposals must comply with the Site Plan Control
By-law. Forestry staff will comment and make recommendations regarding the preservation of
City trees in association with site plan applications, rezoning applications, land divisions
and consent applications.
The inclusion of trees in the initial stage of planning is a vital component that will
determine if trees will be preserved or are required to be removed.
The Planning and Building Department will forward development applications to Forestry when
trees are situated within the municipal boulevard. Forestry staff will visit the site,
inventory the trees and make comments on tree preservation and protection to the Planning and
Building Department. These comments will include, but are not limited to: tree inventory,
hoarding requirements, securities, arboriculture consultant, utilities, tree removal, tree
pruning, tree replacement and tree protection signage.
Protecting trees throughout construction is an integral component of tree preservation.
Prior to construction, all trees to be preserved must be protected with hoarding. The hoarding
shall consist of 1.2 m orange plastic fencing framed with solid top and bottom rail, or 1.2 m
plywood. This hoarding is to be installed at a minimum distance to drip-line or along the edge
and parallel to a tree protection zone.
Tree protection deposit
As a condition of a permit application or site plan approval, deposits are collected to
ensure that tree protection and site work complies with the approved plans. Deposits are
submitted in the form of cash, certified cheque, bank draft or money order to the Planning and
Building Department on behalf of Forestry. Deposits are determined by:
- Amenity value based on "Guide for Plant Appraisal"; and
- Removal and replacement costs as determined by Forestry (General Fees By-law
When construction is complete an inspection will be performed to determine the health of the
municipal tree(s). If the tree(s) is in good condition or the tree health remains unchanged
from initial assessment, the Tree Protection Deposit will be refunded.
Tree removal & replacement
Where City-owned trees are required to be removed, the applicant is responsible for all
costs associated with tree removal, stump removal and replacement tree planting. All costs will
be determined by Forestry staff, with a certified cheque being required for a pre-determined
amount prior to work commencing.
Tree protection deposits are held for a minimum two (2) years following a hoarding
infraction and the applicant will be notified in writing by either Forestry or Planning and
Building staff. After the two (2) year period, a follow-up inspection will be performed and the
securities will be either returned or a determination regarding tree removal will be discussed.
Should the municipal tree be required to be removed, the applicant will be responsible for all
tree removal and replacement costs.
Arboricultural consultant report (Arborist Report)
The purpose of this report is to determine the composition, character and health of existing
trees and assess opportunities for preservation in relation to a proposed development. The
arborist may be required to submit a report outlining guidelines for tree preservation. This
report must address preservation measures, include an inspection schedule and have appropriate
sign-off between the arborist and the applicant.
The location of all above and below ground utilities must be clearly illustrated on all
drawings. All efforts must be made to ensure that the installation of utilities does not have a
detrimental effect on tree preservation.
Forestry staff or a City-retained contractor will perform all required maintenance work on
City-owned trees. The applicant will be responsible for these costs unless the tree is dead or
in an advanced state of decline. Required work will be determined by Forestry staff.
For more information on applying for a permit, call 3-1-1 or 905-615-4311 if outside city