HSH - General Fire Safety Information



MFES wants to keep you and everyone in your home safe from a fire. Follow our additional fire safety tips below to help you in preventing any fires in your home.


Translated Fire Safety Information


We have translated fire and life safety information in the City's top ten (10) non-official languages (including French). These are: Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Spanish, Tagalog, Urdu and Vietnamese. MFES' translated Fire Prevention pamphlets.

NFPA's translated safety tip sheets; easy to read handouts in other languages



Barbeque (BBQ) Safety

Barbeque Safety

Learn how to operate and maintain your BBQ safely. BBQs are approved for outdoor use only. They emit carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas that can lead to unconsciousness and even death. Propane cylinders may not be used or stored inside any structure.

Store fuel, propane and other combustibles outside - keep them in a well-ventilated shed or detached garage and away from direct sunlight and other heat sources.

Fire Prevention Canada's fact sheet - "Danger! Gasoline"

OFMEM's Barbecue Safety information sheet

NFPA's tip sheet - "Grilling Safety"

NFPA's Grilling Facts and video explaining grilling safety

Using propane BBQs on the balcony: Yes or No? The answer could be either, depending on a number of factors:

NO, IF...

  • Prohibited by the Condominium Act of your building

  • Prohibited by the building owner or property manager of a rental property


  • The balcony is open (no enclosures or walls have been erected)

  • A propane cylinder is transported in a service elevator. When there are no service elevators, you may use the passenger elevator, but you must be alone.

  • The cylinder is kept on the balcony and connected to the BBQ.

  • The BBQ is kept clear of combustible material as listed on the BBQ's rating plate or in the certified instructions.

  • The propane cylinder relief valve is at least one metre horizontally from any building opening below it, and three metres from a building air intake.

Open Air Burning

Open Air Burning

For all open air fires, other than cooking fires and those in a manufactured outdoor fireplace (chiminea), you're required to obtain a burning permit, as per By-Law 140-18.

City of Mississauga's Open Air Burning By-Law 140-18

NFPA's tip sheet - "Portable Fireplace Safety"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Gel Fuel Safety"



Fireworks Safety

Fireworks Safety

"Make the right choice, the safe choice and leave fireworks to the professionals!"

You are only allowed to set off fireworks on your own property on Victoria Day, Canada Day or any other day for which a permit has been issued by the Fire Chief and only then on your property on that day, as per By-Law 293-01.

City of Mississauga's Fireworks By-Law 293-01  

Rules to follow when setting off your consumer fireworks

If you have unused Fireworks, see 'Fireworks (Active)' link

NFPA's tip sheet - "Fireworks Safety"

NFPA's Infographic - "Fireworks Cause Injuries"


 Sky Lanterns Safety

Sky Lanterns Safety

Sky Lanterns have become increasingly popular as a way to celebrate. However, they pose a serious fire safety hazard and their use is prohibited by National Fire Protection Association code requirements:

NFPA's tip sheet - "Sky Lanterns Safety"



Garage Fire Safety

Garage Fire Safety

Garage fires tend to spread farther and cause more injuries and dollar loss than fires that start in all other areas of the home.  For free and safe disposal of your household hazardous waste (i.e. paint cans, oil, etc.), please contact the Region of Peel.

NFPA's tip sheet - "Car Fire Safety"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Safety with Oily Rags wet with flammable or combustible liquid"


You can keep your home safe by following a few easy tips:

  • Store oil, gasoline, paints, propane and varnishes in a shed away from your home.

  • Keep items that can burn on shelves away from appliances.

  • Plug only one charging appliance into an outlet.

  • Don't use an extension cord when charging an appliance.

Garage safety through construction - install:

  • A 20-minute fire-rated door that is self-closing and self-latching from the garage into the house.

  • A ceiling made with 5/8-inch Type X gypsum board (or the equivalent) if you have living space above the garage.

  • A wall with 1/2-inch gypsum board (or the equivalent) if the wall attaches the garage to your home.

  • An attic hatch cover if you have attic access from the garage.

Basement Apartments/Second Units

Basement Apartments/Second Units

City of Mississauga's Council approved changes to make it easier and less costly to register second units.  Visit the Housing Choices website for updates.


A few things that our Fire Prevention Officers will be looking for when inspecting your second unit are: a separate entrance/exit, installed and working smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms, electrical work that was done by a certified electrician and proper fire separation in between occupancies.


Hoarding and Fire Safety

Hoarding and Fire Safety

Excessive accumulation of materials in homes (hoarding) poses a significant threat to firefighters when fighting fires and responding to other emergencies in these homes as well as to residents and their neighbours.

NFPA's tip sheet - "Hoarding and Fire: Reducing the Risk"




Be Prepared for When Your Power Goes Out

Be Prepared for When Your Power Goes Out

These links provide some important safety tips to follow when your power is out in your home:

City of Mississauga's Emergency Management

Emergency Preparedness Checklist

Emergency Management Ontario

NFPA's tip sheet - "Lightning Safety"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Floods; Get Ready"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Hurricanes; Get Ready"



Storage/Disposal of a 9-Volt Battery

Storage/Disposal of a 9-Volt Battery

Keep 9-volt batteries in their original packaging, or keep posts covered with tape, as a loose 9-volt battery is a fire hazard since the positive and negative posts are on top, in close proximity to one another. If the ends come in contact with anything metal, i.e. other batteries, loose change, keys, paper clips, aluminum foil, steel wool, etc. this could create the objects to heat up and ignite a fire.

Click here to view a video which explains how an improper disposal of a 9-volt battery burned down a house 

NFPA's tip sheet - "9-volt Battery Safety"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Lithium Ion Battery Safety"


Fire Safety for Seniors

Storage/Disposal of a 9-Volt Battery

No one is ever safe from a fire, but seniors are the most vulnerable to fire injury and death. Following are fire safety tips that will help seniors prevent fires and stay safe.

Fire Prevention Canada's facts - "Fire Safety For Seniors"

OFMEM - "Are Your Loved Ones Safe from Fire?"

NFPA's - "Remembering When:  A Fire and Fall Prevention Program for Older Adults"

Safe Student Accommodations

Fire Marshal's Public Fire Safety Council

Students living away from home should know the following tips on what to do to stay fire-safe during the school year:

OFMEM's tip sheet - "Safe Student Accommodation 101"

OFMEM's tip sheet - "A Parent's Guide to Finding Fire-safe Accommodations"

NFPA's tip sheet - "College Campus Fire Safety"



Scald Burns

Scald Burns happen most often in the kitchen. Treat a burn right away. If a burn occurs, COOL immediately and pour cool water (not ice) on the burn. For a burn on the hand, hold it under the tap water. For a larger burn, stand in the shower under the water. Cover the burn with a clean sheet and seek medical attention.

Never apply ointment, grease or butter to the burned area. Applying such products, actually confine the heat of the burn to the skin and do not allow the damaged area to cool. In essence, the skin continues to "simmer". After the initial trauma of the burn and after it has had sufficient time to cool, it would then be appropriate to put an ointment on the burn. Ointments help prevent infection.

When a burn occurs to the skin, nerve endings are damaged causing intense feelings of pain. Serious burns are complex injuries. In addition to the burn injury itself, a number of other functions may be affected. Burn injuries can affect muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels. The respiratory system can be damaged, with possible airway obstruction, respiratory failure and respiratory arrest. Since burns injure the skin, they impair the body's normal fluid/electrolyte balance, body temperature, body thermal regulation, joint function, manual dexterity and physical appearance. In addition to the physical damage caused by burns, patients also may suffer emotional and psychological problems that begin at the emergency scene and could last a long time.

The skin is the largest organ in the body and performs many important functions. It protects against infection by keeping out bacteria. It prevents loss of body fluids and helps control body temperature. The depth of burn is usually categorized as superficial partial-thickness, deep partial-thickness or full-thickness:

Superficial partial-thickness (also known as superficial second degree)

A superficial partial-thickness burn resembles a deep sunburn and is very painful. It will usually heal on its own within ten (10) days.

Deep partial-thickness (also known as deep second degree)

A deep partial-thickness burn is also very painful and blisters will form over the burned area. It may take at least three (3) weeks to heal.

Full-thickness (also known as third degree)

A full-thickness burn involves damage to all the layers of the skin, including the skin-reproducing cells. This wound will require skin grafting to heal.

First Degree Burn
                        Superficial Burn

Second Degree Burn
                        Partial Thickness Burn

Third Degree Burn
                        Full Thickness Burn


The severity of a burn injury depends on the depth and size of the burn wound, patient's age, the patient's past medical problems and part of the body that has been burned. It is difficult to predict how long it will take for a patient's injury to heal as all individuals recover at different rates.

It is not always possible to tell the depth of the injury when a patient is admitted. It often takes several days to determine whether the burn wound will heal on its own or if it will require skin grafting.

Click on the following links for more information on how to treat a burn:

Sunnybrook RTBC - "Burn Prevention & First Aid"

Sick Kids AKH - "Burns: First Aid"

Sick Kids AKH - "Burns In Children"

Fire Prevention Canada's fact sheet - "Burns-the Need for Caution"

NFPA's tips sheet - "Scald Prevention Safety"


Winter and Fire Safety

Winter and Fire Safety

When the cold weather hits, it's important to inspect and properly maintain all components of your home's heating system (i.e. fireplace/chimney, furnace, etc).

Fire Prevention Canada's fact sheet - "Winter Safety"

OFMEM's Infographic - "Holiday Fire Safety"

OFMEM's "Stay Warm and Safe" information sheet

NFPA's tip sheet - "Put a Freeze on Winter Fires"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Top 10 Winter Freeze Tips"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Fire Safety during Winter Storms"

NFPA's tip sheet - Winter Holiday Safety"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Christmas Tree Safety Tips"

NFPA's tip sheet - "Wood & Pellet Stove Safety"

Remember to always use a spark screen or glass door in front of your fireplace and have your chimney professional cleaned annually.

Please remember to always keep fire hydrants cleared of snow!



MFES' Guide to Fire Recovery

MFES¿ Guide to Fire Recovery

It is often difficult to recover from a traumatic event such as a fire or natural disaster. Learn how to get your life back to normal as quickly as possible. Click here to view MFES' "Guide to Fire Recovery".